Although Adolf Ignaz can justifiably be called the progenitor of the family, in a certain sense Georg I. Heinrich, his sixth child and third son, is also entitled to this award. He occupies a very special place in the history of the family, as the founder of a “secondary line” to which it is due that the entrepreneurial history of the Mautner Markhof family reached a nationally and in some cases even internationally significant dimension into the 21st century. Even the legendary sideburns of Adolf Ignaz (a sign of his admiration for Emperor Franz Joseph I) only continued in his lineage of the descendants (son Theodor I and grandson Manfred I).
Born in Smiřice shortly before the family moved to Vienna, he spent his childhood in St. Marx. As a boarding pupil of the Melk Abbey’s gymnasium, he was so unhappy that he ran away and completed the rest of his schooling in Dresden. Due to carelessness, he also contracted severe knee inflammation, which he had to struggle with all his life from then on. The famous physician Johann Ritter von Oppolzer, father of one of his brothers-in-law, could barely prevent the foot from becoming stiff.
After an internship in Trieste, he took over the malting and small brewery in Göding, where he managed very successfully, like Adolf Ignaz, by implementing more rational production methods. In 1860 he became the sole authorized signatory in all of his father’s businesses, and a year later he was in charge of the newly acquired yeast factory and malt house in Simmering, where he was the first to move into an apartment on the first floor of the Rosenhof.
In 1864 he married the daughter of a Gumpendorfer manufacturer, and ran both his company and his own businesses. In the same year, he moved to the premises of the yeast and spirit factory newly built in Floridsdorf. Adolf Ignaz had this branch built because he had reached the limits of his capacity in St. Marx. However, due to an agreement, he had to deliver the entire yeast production to the St. Marx Brewery, which at that time was still run by his father. In 1872 he bought a mill and, together with his brother-in-law Otto Freiherr von Waechter, expanded the business to include a malt factory, which operated under the name “Waechter & Mautner” and was soon to become one of the largest in Austria-Hungary. In 1890 it was sold to his brother Carl Ferdinand. In 1884, he acquired the Leopoldsdorf estate from the Baroness of Sina with a small brewery, which already had been mentioned for the first time in 1602, and immediately began brewing his “Georgs beer”. Five years later he sold it on to the Waechter family. Adolf Ignaz had not only not intended Georg I. for the brewery business, he had even forbidden him to operate a competing company on payment of a high contractual penalty to his brother Carl Ferdinand (approximately worth 2.5 million Euros) to prevent rivalry. Nevertheless, in 1892, after the death of his father, and of course against payment of the agreed sum, he decided to invest the sales proceeds at the Floridsdorf site in the founding of his own beer production, which he named “Brauerei zum Sankt Georg“. The plant went into operation in February 1893.
The bottom-fermented St. Georgs Märzenbier enjoyed an excellent national and international reputation, which was partly due to the fact that Georg I. aligned his quality requirements to those of Pilsner beer and the company had the most modern brewing technology at the time. Apart from that, Georg, like his father before him, cared not only for his customers with the greatest attention, but also for his employees and workers with the same great social understanding. This social commitment also extended to the support of children’s homes, the provision of warm food for schoolchildren or the further financial support of the foundations set up by his father for the benefit of orphans and poor children.
Georg I had been married to Charlotte Biehler (1845 – 1905) since 1864 and had seven children. His sons Theodor I and Georg II inherited the brewery after their father and took over the branch in Simmering. The brothers – later supported by their sons Gerhard, Manfred I, Georg III and Gustav I – managed to regain the industrial areas that had been given out of hand by Victor at that time.
Despite his outstanding position, not too much personal information about Georg Heinrich has survived. What is certain is that he – like many Mautners of the earlier generations – was a very dear but confident patriarch, who, however, was also extremely reluctant to be contradicted. Despite his dominant demeanor, he was loved by his four sons, three daughters, and most family members. For example, his daughter-in-law Emy, until her own death, made sure every May 15th that his grave was decorated with a wreath. Those who remember their father-in-law in such a loving way 70 years later must have appreciated him wholeheartedly. Like his father, he also had a great reputation among the population. He took care of the social problems of his time, generously subsidized children’s homes and, together with his wife Charlotte he continued Adolf Ignaz´ foundations for orphans. Between 1897 and 1900, poor schoolchildren were given a warm lunch on his initiative – he was chairman of the local school council and a member of the district school council. The communities of Groß-Jedlersdorf and Baden appointed him an honorary citizen because of his merits.
In 1900 Georg I. Heinrich had the house complex known as Mautner Schlössl built for his son Georg II. Anton in a kind of secessionist style. From 1901 to 1944 it served as a residence for the family, today it houses the district museum. Georg’s brother Theodor lived with his children Manfred and Gerhard at 20 Prager Strasse, on the brewery site.
By and for the descendants of Georg Heinrich & Charlotte Biehler