Although Adolf Ignaz can justifiably be called the progenitor of the family, in a certain sense Georg I. Heinrich, his sixth child and third son, is also entitled to this award. He occupies a very special place in the history of the family, as the founder of a “secondary line” to which it is due that the entrepreneurial history of the Mautner Markhof family reached a nationally and in some cases even internationally significant dimension into the 21st century.
After Georg I. had spent his youth in the main business of the family, the St. Marx Brewery, and had also been introduced to brewing, he was allowed to build his own yeast and spirit factory in Floridsdorf from 1864. However, due to an agreement, he had to deliver the entire yeast production to the St. Marx Brewery, which at that time was still run by his father Adolf Ignaz, later by his brother Carl Ferdinand and then by his son Victor.
Adolf Ignaz had not only not intended Georg I. for the brewery business, he had even forbidden him to operate a competing company on payment of a high contractual penalty.
Georg I. Heinrich Ritter Mautner von Markhof moved in 1864 to a newly founded factory in Prager Straße 20, Vienna Floridsdorf. In 1872, he bought a mill and, together with his brother-in-law Otto Freiherr von Waechter, expanded the business to include a malt factory, which operated under the name “Waechter & Mautner” and soon became one of the largest in Austria. In 1884, he acquired a small brewery in Leopoldsdorf, sold it five years later to the Waechter family and in 1892 invested the proceeds in the foundation of his own beer production, which he named “Brauerei zum Sankt Georg”. The plant went into operation in February 1893. When St. Georg was founded, Adolf Ignaz’s “contract penalty” (to prevent rivalry) to his brother Carl Ferdinand (he ran the St. Marx brewery), which today is worth about 2.5 Mio Euros and was of course paid by mutual agreement, became due.
The bottom-fermented St. Georgs Märzenbier enjoyed an excellent national and international reputation, which was partly due to the fact that Georg I. aligned his quality requirements to those of Pilsner beer and the company had the most modern brewing technology at the time. Apart from that, Georg, like his father before him, cared not only for his customers with the greatest attention, but also for his employees and workers with the same great social understanding. This social commitment also extended to the support of children’s homes, the provision of warm food for schoolchildren or the further financial support of the foundations set up by his father for the benefit of orphans and poor children.
Georg I. had been married to Charlotte Biehler (1845 – 1905) since 1864 and had seven children. His sons Theodor and Georg II. inherited the brewery after their father and took over the branch in Simmering. The brothers – later supported by their sons Gerhard, Manfred I., Georg III. and Gustav I. – managed to regain the industrial areas that had been given out of hand by Victor at that time.
Despite his outstanding position, not too much personal information about Georg Heinrich has survived. What is certain is that he – like many Mautners of the earlier generations – was a very dear and self-confident gentleman, who, however, was also extremely reluctant to be contradicted. But despite his dominant appearance, he was loved by most family members. For example, his daughter-in-law Emy, until her own death, made sure every May 15th that his grave was decorated with a wreath. Those who remember their father-in-law in such a loving way 70 years later must have appreciated him wholeheartedly. Like his father, he also had a great reputation among the population. He took care of the social problems of his time, generously subsidized children’s homes and, together with his wife Charlotte Adolf, continued foundations for orphans. Between 1897 and 1900, poor schoolchildren were given a warm lunch on his initiative – he was chairman of the local school council and a member of the district school council. The communities of Groß-Jedlersdorf and Baden appointed him an honorary citizen because of his merits.
By and for the descendants of Georg Heinrich & Charlotte Biehler